Musa textilis is a tree-like herb resembling the banana in appearance, except for the distinguishing marks in its leaves, trunk, color, formation and the shape of its fruits and heart. The leaves of abaca are upright, pointed, tapering and narrower. Its trunk is noted to be smaller than bananas.
It grows to a height of about 4.6 – 7.7 meter. The true stem of the plant is that part which has a diameter of about 5 cm and bears the fruit. The trunk is formed by this true stem ang thickened leafstalks of the leaves.
It bears open leaves composed of fleshy, fiberless core surrounded by overlapping leaf sheats starting from the base and extending nearly to the top. Each sheath is composed of three layers: an outer layer from which most of the fiber is obtained; the middle layer which contains some fine white fiber of flower tensile strength than that obtained from the outer layer; and the inner layer which contains no fiber.
The fruit of the abaca is a banana, small, inedible and full of seeds. The stalks turn reddish brown at maturity.
Distribution: Leyte, Samar, Bukidnon, Agusan, Surigao